Evacuation DuringWorld War Two Photo: Grace Truman, Memories of War
Air Raid Damage on London in World War One Vocabulary: Air Raid – an attack where bombs are dropped from an air craft onto a ground target Photos: Imperial War Museum BBC
Evacuation in World War Two was the removal of school children from towns and cities (urban areas) to places of greater safety. Photo: Daily Mail Vocabulary: Evacuate - toremove (someone) from a place of danger to a safer place Evacuee – person who was evacuated Urban – relating to the town or city
Newspaper advertisements encouraged people to offer to take an evacuated child (evacuee). Vocabulary: Foster Family/Mother – people giving the children a home during the war Billet: the place where evacuees stayed
Children were to bring with them in a single bag: The child’s gas mask (respirator) A change of clothes and nightclothes Toothbrush & Wash things A warm coat or mackintosh A supply of food Plimsolls Lydia Spurrier, Memories of War Vocabulary: Mackintosh – a type of raincoat
The order for evacuation was given on 31 August 1939over the radio. Evacuation started the following day on Friday 1st September 1939. Vocabulary: Propaganda - information used to promote a political cause or point of view. Photo: IWM.org
Adults were to remain in cities to carry out their jobs and war work. Vocabulary: Rural – relating to the countryside
Children travelled by train and bus to the countryside. The journeys could be long, confusing and tiring. Photo: Grace Truman, Memories of War Project Photo: Daily Mail
Preparation for German bombing raids on British cities Barrage balloons Enormous helium filled balloons attached to the ground by wires. Anderson shelters Bomb shelters made of corrugated iron and earth.
After six months however, nearly one million of the evacuated children had returned home. Vocabulary:‘phoney war’ – the period between the outbreak of war and when German bombing of cities began. Image: IWM.org
Evacuation Experiences The children’s experiences were as different as the evacuated children and foster families themselves.
Evacuees remembering Sisters: Winifred Sayer (left), Jessie Cleese (centre) and Margaret Taylor . Evacuees are now in their 70s and 80s
Arthur Moy, Memories of War ‘To all the people of Eastry I say thank you for caring for me in my time of need, to all my school mates if any of them still remember the funny kid from the North…I have done my best (to put me memories down on paper), but please remember that I am now 78 years young.’ Last but not least to the memory of Mr and Mrs Martin, who returned some sanity to my life. Their kindness and compassion will always remain with me until the end of my days. God bless you all.’ Arthur J. Moy
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