Overveiw • Was a catastrophicmagnitude 7.0 Mwearthquake. • The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. • An estimated three millionpeople were affected by the quake.
the Haitian government reported that • 316,000 people had died, • 300,000 had been injured • 1,000,000 made homeless • also estimated that 250,000 residences • 300,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged
Aftershockes • The United States Geological Survey (USGS) recorded eight aftershocks in the two hours after the main earthquake, with magnitudes between 4.3 and 5.9 • On 20 January at 06:03 local time the strongest aftershock since the earthquake. • Tsunami : localized tsunami wave shortly after the earthquake.
Infrastrucure damage • Reported that 90% percent of the buildings in that city had been destroyed and Léogâne had "to be totally rebuilt. • Vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the disaster was severely damaged or destroyed. This included all hospitals in the capital; air, sea, and land transport facilities; and communication systems.
Water supply • the public water network seriously damaged. • Tens of thousands of people have gathered in open spaces with no access to safe water. • The priority now is to provide safe water to as many people as possible as quickly as possible. • Access to safe water will quench thirst, improve hygiene and save lives.
Set up self-contained water storage and distribution systems at the locations where people are congregating. Using the existing network wherever possible.
To keep people healthy and clean • Oxfam has built 2,500 latrines and over 1,000 bathing shelters in camps and other areas
Hospitals • Pre-earthquake Haiti was already suffering from a short supply of equipment, medicines, clean water, and medical personnel. • The few hospitals have been destroyed or severely damaged, and are beyond use. • Water and sewage lines have been destroyed, buildings are unsafe to use, verging on collapse at any moment
Health status • suffering from severe : --injuries, particularly broken bones, severe cuts, crush injuries, burns. -- respiratory problems that have come from breathing in dust. --Gastrointestinal infections from dirty water and rampant sewage. --communicable diseases may also begin to circulate.
Haiti and Cholera • Health officials tell us that 259 people already died from cholera and that another 3342 people were infected. • Because of the mobility of people, especially now that a great number of Haitians are out of a home, the disease could spread like wildfire.
Response • Aid groups are teaching their teams how to fight the disease in the camps, by providing residents with soap and water purification tables • The water agency is also mobilized. It has almost doubled the amount of chlorine in drinking water. • Oxfam is providing support to 1.2 million people in Haiti through our earthquake response and cholera prevention programmes
* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that a National Surveillance System that was set up after the earthquake had confirmed the conspicuous absence of highly transmissible disease in Haiti.
Rescue and relief efforts • Rescue efforts began in the immediate aftermath of the earthquake • with able-bodied survivors extricating the living and the dead from the rubble of the many buildings which had collapsed.
The International Committee of the Red Cross • The International Red Cross • The Haitian Red Cross • The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Recovery • $48 million had been raised already in the U.S. to help Haiti recover. • highest priorities in Haiti's recovery were establishing a working government, clearing roads, and ensuring the streets were cleared of bodies to improve sanitary conditions
Unemployment and food shortages are two of the main obstacles that people face as they begin to rebuild their lives after the earthquake.
Prepared by:Hanin.J.Sawalha Under supervision: Dr. Samar Musmar
References • Wikipedia • ICRC Rescue center • The Washington Post. 10 February 2010. • Oxfam web Site