Transgender Migration Cecilia Chung, United States
Inter-National Migration – Why? • Better life • Escape poverty • Political climate • Persecution • Social pressure • Family Pressure • Discriminatory Laws • Access to communities • Work
Intra-National Migration – Why? • Better life • Escape Abuse • Family Pressure • Family Rejection • Access to communities • Work • School • Displacement
Consequence(s) • Income • Autonomy • Social support • Communities • Belonging • Identities • Social status • More opportunities • Finding love • Homelessness • Discrimination • Physical Abuse • Sexual Abuse • Poverty • Poor housing • Low wages • Poor health • Addiction • Deportation • HIV • HCV • Violence
Barriers Face by Undocumented Inter-National Migrants • Discriminatory Laws • Lack of Resources • Asylum • Detention
Esmeralda Soto • A transgender woman, Esmeralda fled to the US in 2002 after being raped many times in Mexico. She was detained at a California immigration facility. During her first days there, while she was waiting to see a lawyer, an officer twice forced her to perform oral sex on him.
Victoria Arellano • Victoria Arellano was a transgender migrant from Mexico to the United States who died from complications of AIDS while in the custody of the Department of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
(Some) Good News • Prison Rape Elimination Act • Nation Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards • Department of Homeland Security Will Implement PREA Rules • LGBT Sensitivity Training in All Eight Asylum Hearing Offices: Anaheim, Arlington, Chicago, DC, Miami, San Francisco, New York, Texas
Cecilia Chung email@example.com http://www.gnpna.org http://justdetention.org http://www.transhealth.ucsf.edu